Relief Portraits of Lawgivers

The 23 marble relief portraits over the gallery doors of the House Chamber depict historical figures noted for their work in establishing the principles that underlie American law. Among them are Greek, Roman, French and English jurists; statesmen and rulers from Europe and Eurasia; and American political leaders George Mason and Thomas Jefferson. The 11 profiles in the eastern half of the chamber face left and the 11 in the western half face right, so that all look towards the full-face relief of Moses in the center of the north wall. Created in bas relief of white Vermont marble by seven different sculptors, the plaques each measure 28 inches in diameter. They were installed when the chamber was remodeled in 1949-1950.