"Justice and History" Sculpture

Above the Senate bronze doors on the Capitol's East Front, the draped female figures of Justice and History recline against a globe. Justice holds a book inscribed "Justice / Law / Order" in her left hand; her right hand rests on a pair of scales. History holds a scroll inscribed "History / July / 1776." American sculptor Thomas Crawford (1814-1857), working in his studio in Rome, created Justice and History for the extension of the Capitol. The sculpture was placed above the Senate doors in 1863; over the following century it deteriorated, and in 1974 the original was replaced with a marble replica. Crawford also created the Statue of Freedom atop the dome, the designs of the bronze Senate and House doors, and the pediment sculpture "Progress of Civilization" over the east entrance to the Senate wing.